XML: eXtensible Markup Language

XML stands for Extensible Markup Language. It is a markup language that was designed to transport and store data in a specific format that can be processed by much human and machine intelligence. It defines a set of rules to encode documents in that specific format.

It is platform independent and language independent.

Goal

The main goals of its design are:

  • Simplicity
  • Generality
  • Usability

History

XML was released in late 90’s and became a W3C recommendation on 10 Feb, 1998.

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